法国5大顶级产区小档案

[db:摘要]

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本文将为大家介绍法国5大顶级产区的气候条件、主要葡萄品种和产区简介等。

ABSTRACT:
This article will present a brief introduction for the climate, main grapes and brief introductions of France’s top five wine regions.

1、波尔多

  气候条件:海洋性气候

  主要葡萄品种: A、赤霞珠、品丽珠、梅洛、味而多(红);

  B、赛美容、长相思、密斯卡岱(白)

  产区简介:波尔多产区是法国最大的法定产区,这里出产世界上一些最优质和最昂贵的红葡萄酒和甜白葡萄酒,这里出产的干白葡萄酒品质也尤为出众。

  Bordeaux

  Climate: Maritime

  Main Grapes:  A、 Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Petit Verdot(Red)

  B、 Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscadelle(White)

  Region Introduction: Bordeaux is the largest AC region in France. It is capable of producing some of the greatest and most expensive red and sweet white wines in the world. Its dry white wines also enjoy premium quality.

波尔多碧尚男爵酒庄

2、勃艮第

  气候条件:大陆性气候

  主要葡萄品种:A、黑皮诺(红)

  B、霞多丽、阿里高特、佳美(白)

  产区简介:勃艮第被称为“地球上最复杂难懂的葡萄酒产地”。在法国,如果说波尔多是法国葡萄酒的国王,那么勃艮第就是法国葡萄酒的皇后。

  Burgundy

  Climate: Continental

  Main Grapes:  A、Pinot Noir(Red)

  B、Chardonnay, Aligote, Gamay(White)

  Region Introduction: Burgundy is described as the most complicated wine region in the world. In France, if the Bordeaux is the king of wine, Burgundy will be the queen of wine.

  3、香槟

  气候条件:大陆性气候

  主要葡萄品种:A、黑皮诺、莫尼耶皮诺(红)

  B、霞多丽(白)

  产区简介:香槟产区是法国一个比较独特的法定产区,它出产世界上最典型的起泡酒——香槟。这里出产的起泡酒是其他起泡酒质量评价的基准。

  Champagne

  Climate: Continental

  Main Grapes:  A、Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier(Red)

  B、Chardonnay(White)

  Region Introduction: Champagne is a unique AC wine region in France. It produces the most classic sparkling wine——Champagne, which is the benchmark against which all other sparkling wines are judged.

  4、罗纳河谷

  气候条件:大陆性气候(北罗纳河谷);海洋性气候(南罗纳河谷)

  主要葡萄品种:A、北罗纳河谷:西拉(红);玛珊、瑚珊、维欧尼(白)

  B、南罗纳河谷:歌海娜、西拉、慕合怀特、神索(红);白歌海娜、克莱雷、布布兰克

  产区简介:罗纳河谷是法国最大的法定红葡萄酒产区,也是法国第二大法定产区。在该法定产区内,总共可以使用的葡萄品种多达20多种。

  Rhone Valley

  Climate: Continental(Northern Rhone); Mediterranean(Southern Rhone)

     Main Grapes:  A、Northern Rhone: Syrah(Red); Marsanne, Roussane(White)

  B、Southern Rhone:Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre, Cinsault (Red); Grenache Blanc, Clairette, Bourboulenc(White)

  Region Introduction: Rhone Valley is the largest AC region for red wine and second largest AC region for both wines in France. In this AC region, the legal grapes amount to more than 20 kinds.

罗纳河谷名庄吉佳乐世家(图片来源:E.Guigal)

5、阿尔萨斯

  气候条件:大陆性气候

  主要葡萄品种:A、黑皮诺(红)

  B、雷司令、琼瑶浆、灰皮诺、麝香、白皮诺、西万尼(白)

  产区简介:阿尔萨斯产区的酿酒风格和文化既受到法国也受到德国的影响。这里是白葡萄酒的故乡,出产的葡萄酒中90%都是白葡萄酒。

  Alsace

  Climate: Continental

  Main Grapes:  A、 Pinot Noir(Red)

  B、 Riesling, Gewurztraminer, Pinot Gris, Muscat, Pinot Blanc(White)

  Region Introduction: Alsace is a region that has both French and German influences in its culture and winemaking. It is the home to white wine, which accounts for 90% of its total wine production.

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